Book from the Library of M. Eleanor Fitzgerald


A collection of 30 books from the personal library of Mary Eleanor Fitzgerald (1877-1955), executive director and business manager of the Provincetown Players, radical, and former lover of anarchist Alexander Berkman. Among the books are seven bearing Berkman's ink owner's stamp with the San Francisco address the couple shared while publishing the radical labor journal, The Blast. Overall the books are in about very good condition, lacking their dustwrappers and with rubbing, sunning, and scattered foxing, along with a few cracked hinges, a detached wrapper, and one with its spine lacking.Fitzgerald, known as "Fitzie" to friends, was born in Hancock, Wisconsin and led a remarkable life, but one far different than originally planned. She was educated as a teacher and planned to become a missionary for the Seventh Day Adventists, but was captivated by the anarchist and labor movements. Her impassioned speeches in support of imprisoned labor leaders led to a chance meeting with Emma Goldman during one of Goldman's free-speech campaigns. In September 1913, on the recommendation of Goldman's lover, Ben Lewis Reitman, Goldman offered Fitzgerald a job as secretary of the anarchist journal Mother Earth. During Fitzgerald's tenure, she and Goldman, who referred to Fitzgerald as "the Lioness" due to her glorious mane of red hair, formed what would become a lifelong friendship. She is mentioned repeatedly and gratefully in Goldman's My Life as, among other things, "our dear friend and co-worker M. Eleanor Fitzgerald." She also had quite an effect on co-editor Alexander Berkman, with whom she had an affair.Berkman was a Jewish Lithuanian emigre who arrived in the United States in 1887. He quickly became involved with the anarchist movement and with Goldman both physically and philosophically. He was jailed for the attempted assassination of Carnegie Steel Company manager Henry Frick in 1892 following Frick's harsh strike breaking measures that lead to over a dozen deaths. Berkman was released in 1906 and began publishing Mother Earth with Goldman. Fitzgerald left the magazine with Berkman for San Francisco in late 1915, establishing the new radical labor journal The Blast the following year. The affair and journal ended abruptly in 1917 when both Berkman and Goldman were arrested for violating the Draft Act, which led to their eventual deportation in 1919.While fighting the imprisonment of Berkman and Goldman, Fitzgerald became the secretary of the experimental theater company, the Provincetown Players, in the fall of 1918. Fitzgerald's organized and methodical nature proved a vital element in furthering the amateur company, freeing creative members of day-to-day details and installing a level of professionalism not previously seen. During her 14-year stint with the theater she served as director, business manager, and ultimately executive director during a period that included productions by Eugene O'Neill, Edna St. Vincent Millay, Susan Glaspell, and E.E. Cummings, who said his first play HIM was produced only "because Fitzie insisted that it should be." After her departure from Provincetown, Fitzgerald managed various theaters around New York before finally taking up residence as executive secretary and public relations manager for the Dramatic Workshop at the New School in 1940. Her encouragement of founding president Edwin Piscator is well-documented in the book, The Piscator Experiment: The Political Theatre by his wife Maria Ley-Piscator, as well as the gentle and guiding hand Fitzgerald shared with various directors, students, alumni, and donors. She retired in 1953, two years before her death.The majority of Fitzgerald's books are marked in some way with either an ink owner name or stamp. Not surprisingly, the books from her library are mostly of drama-related works by authors such as Anton Chekhov, John Galsworthy, Henrik Ibsen, and August Strindberg, along with several political and psychological works. Among the more notable books in the collection are two works by George Cram Cook: the first edition of his 1921 play The Spring is Inscribed to Fitzgerald, while the posthumously published 1926 bilingual edition of The Athenian Women is Inscribed to Fitzgerald in the year of publication by Cook's widow, the Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Susan Glaspell. This latter drama was the first play Fitzgerald saw by the Provincetown Players as a guest of Goldman's years before. Among the seven books bearing Berkman's owner stamp, the copy of Charles Rann Kennedy's The Terrible Meek was likely the one Berkman used for his book review that appeared in the 1913 issue of Mother Earth.A interesting library owned by a progressive woman directly involved in both the radical labor movement and experimental theater of the early 20th Century.M. Eleanor Fitzgerald's copies, with her ownership name or stamp:1. ANDREYEV, Leonid. Savva: The Life of Man. New York: Mitchell Kennerley 1914. First edition. Owner's stamp.2. CHEKHOV, Anton. The Party and Other Stories. New York: The Macmillan Company 1917. First edition. Pencil owner's name.3. COOK, Alfred. Psychology. New York: Hinds, Noble & Eldredge 1904. First edition. Ink owner's name.4. COOK, George Cram. The Spring: A Play. New York: Frank Shay 1921. First edition in printed wrappers. Inscribed by the author to Fitzgerald: "To our dear Fitzie from Jig."5. --. The Athenian Women: A Play. Athens: H.F. Kaufman 1926. Printed paper wrappers. Bilingual edition. Inscribed by Cook's widow, the Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Susan Glaspell: "Jig's play 'in English and Greek' as he wanted it, for Fitzie, from Susan Provincetown December, 1926."6. COOPER, Mae. Lily Henry. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co. 1948. First edition. Inscribed by the author: "To Fitzie With Very Much Love -- Mae February 21, 1948."7. (GALE, Zona, Thomas H. Dickson, and William Ellery Leonard). Wisconsin Plays. New York: B.W. Huebsch 1920. Fourth edition. Ink owner's name.8. GALSWORTHY, John. Justice: A Tragedy in Four Acts. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons 1910. First American edition. Ink owner's name.9. --. Plays: The Silver Box / Joy / Strife. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. Early reprint. Pencil owner's name.10. GOLDBERG, Isaac. The Drama of Transition: Native and Exotic Playcraft. Cincinnati: Stewart Kidd Company 1921. First edition. Ink owner's name.11. GREEN, Paul. The House of Connelly and Other Plays. New York: Samuel French 1931. Third edition. Ink owner's name.12. HAUPTMANN, Gerhart. The Sunken Bell: A Fairy Play. New York: Doubleday, Page & Co. 1907. First American edition. Ink owner's name.13. HENDERSON, Peter. Gardening for Profit. New York: Orange Judd Publisher 1924. Reprint.14. IBSEN, Henrik. The Collected Works of Henrik Ibsen, Volume X: Hedda Gabler / The Master Builder. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons: 1908. First edition. Owner's stamp.15. SCHOPENHAUER, Arthur. On Human Nature: Essays (Partly Posthumous) in Ethics and Politics. New York: The Macmillan Company 1906. Reprint. Owner's stamp and pencil initials.16. SHAW, Bernard. The Irrational Knot. New York: Brentano's 1905. Early reprint. Owner's stamp.17. SHAY, Frank. Contemporary One-Act Plays of 1921 (American). Cincinnati: Stewart Kidd Company 1922. First edition. Ink owner's name.18. STRINDBERG, August. Plays: First Series. New York: Scribner's Sons 1923. Reprint. Ink owner's name.19. TCHERNYCHEWSKY, N.G. What's to be Done? A Romance. New York: Manhattan Book Company 1909. Fourth edition. Ink owner's name.20. VOS, B.J. Essentials of German. New York: Henry Holt and Company 1906. Second revised edition. Pencil owner's name.Alexander Berkman's copies, each with his ink owner's stamp and San Francisco address:21. BUCKLE, Henry Thomas. History of Civilization in England. New York: Hearst International Library Co. 1913. First American edition. Four volumes complete (Berkman's stamp in each volume).22. KENNEDY, Charles Rann. The Terrible Meek. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers 1912. First edition.23. JOWETT, B. The Republic of Plato. New York: Hearst International Library Co. [no date]. Third edition.24. STEPHEN, S. Ivor. Neutrality? The Crucifixion of Public Opinion. Chicago: The Neutrality Press 1916. First edition in printed wrappers.Miscellaneous:25. de MAULDE, R. The Women of the Renaissance: A Study of Feminism. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons 1900. First edition. Ink owner's name ("--- Lichtenstein").26. FIELDING, William J. Sex and the Love-Life. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company 1927. First edition.27. GISSING, George. Books and the Quiet Life: Being Some Pages from the Private Papers of Henry Ryecroft. Portland, Maine: Thomas B. Mosher 1914. First edition. Limited to 950 copies. Ink owner's name of Henry Weinberger from the Farm Labor Party, with underlining throughout.28. LENIN, V.I. State and Revolution. New York: International Publishers 1935. Third edition. Paper wrappers.29. Programme of the Communist International. New York: Workers Library Publisher 1929. Printed paper wrappers. First edition.30. TICHENOR, Henry M. Rhymes of the Revolution. St. Louis, Missouri: The National Rip Saw 1914. First edition in tape bound wrappers. Introduction by Eugene V. Debs.

Item #371719

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Book from the Library of M. Eleanor Fitzgerald. Mary Eleanor FITZGERALD, Alexander BERKMAN, Susan Glaspell.